Tuesday, 6 September 2011

Oral Manifestations of AIDS


Oral disorders in HIV Disease Includes:-
1)      Fungal
·         Candidiasis
·         Aspergillosis
·         Histoplasmosis
·         Cryptococcus neoformans
·         Geotrichosis
2)      Bacterial
·         HIV gingivitis
·         HIV periodontitis
·         Necrotizing gingivitis
·         Mycobacterium avium intracellulare
·         Klebsiella pneumonia
·         Enterobacterium cloacae
·         E.coli
·         Salmonella enteritidis
·         Sinusitis
·         Exacerbation of apical periodontistis
·         Submandibular cellulitis
3)      Viral
·         Varicella zoster
·         Epstein-Barr including hairy leukoplakia
·         HPV virus
·         CMV virus
4)      Neoplasm
·         Kaposi’s sarcoma
·         Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
·         Squamous cell carcinoma
5)      Lymphadenopathy
6)      Neurologic disorders
·         Paresthesia
·         Facial palsy
·         Hyperesthesia
·         Dysphagia

7)      Miscellaneous
·         Recurrent apthous ulceration
·         Progressive necrotizing ulceration
·         Toxic epidermolysis
·         Delayed wound healing
·         Thrombocytopenia
     Xerostomia & sicca type syndrome
     Herpes Simplex
·         HIV embryopathy
·         Hyperpigmentation
·         Granuloma annulare
·         Exfoliative cheilitis
·         Lichenoid & other drug Reaction

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