Wednesday, 8 February 2012


Children with bad brushing routines face dental problems much more serious than cavities. Periodontitis, a bacterial infection of the gums and tissues surrounding teeth, is the leading cause of tooth loss, according to the American Academy of Periodontology. The Academy states the majority of children have some level of gum disease. If left untreated, periodontitis can damage bone and loosen teeth.

Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis, which is the first stage of periodontal disease, is characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily during brushingChronic gingivitis commonly occurs in children. Gingivitis may progress to periodontal disease, characterized by bad breath and bleeding, swollen gums. The gums begin to recede, or pull back, from the teeth. The gums may recede so far as to expose the roots of the teeth. Aggressive periodontitis occurs in children who have no other health conditions and may affect only the molars and incisors, or it may be a general infection that involves the entire mouth. Children with generalized aggressive periodontitis tend to have heavy plaque and tartar buildup, whereas those with more local infection usually have little to no tartar on their teeth.

Poor oral hygiene resulting in an accumulation of plaque and bacteria causes periodontal disease and receding gums. Other factors contributing to gum disease include mouth breathing, which dries the gums and front teeth, a diet lacking in vitamin C, grinding teeth during sleep, a family tendency toward periodontitis and some medications. Chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes autoimmune diseases, and hormonal fluctuations also contribute to gum infections. Smoking and smokeless tobacco are risk factors for periodontal disease in teenagers.

Treatment depends on the extent of disease and your child's age and overall health. Thorough plaque removal, usually involving deep cleaning beneath the gum line, is essential. Early, mild periodontitis responds to deep cleaning, but more extensive disease requires medication to eliminate the infection or surgery to reshape damaged tissue and bone.

Good oral hygiene prevents receding gums and periodontal disease.. Adolescents tend to relax their oral hygiene habits because of lack of interest. Establishing regular brushing and flossing habits in young children helps to maintain healthy habits. Regular dental appointments for routine cleaning and periodontal examinations help to prevent plaque accumulation and catch gum disease in early stages. Check your child's mouth for tartar buildup, receding or bleeding gums and bad breath, which may be warning signs of gum disease.


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  2. Interesting article on Periodontal disease in children. I was surprised to learn that grinding your teeth can be a cause of gum disease.

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  6. What a fun and upbeat read! I wanna start a blog now after reading this!
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  7. Hiii,I like your blog very much.It is quite interesting and informative.We also provide the same services in Los Angeles.If anyone has gum problems then directly contact us.

  8. Develop a lifetime of good oral habits for your newborn by habitually cleaning gums after each feed with a soft, damp washcloth. Also, take your child to a dentist as soon as you welcome the first milk tooth or latest by first birthday. This initiative of yours will provide a better chance to the dentist to prevent any dental problems in your child. Keep in mind that the best time to visit a dentist is in the morning when your child is well rested throughout the night and is more cooperative to dental examination. Also, morning appointments will not pose conflicts on your child’s mealtimes or naps. Remember, children who enjoy their first trip to their dentists suggest a promising attitude towards their dental care, health and habits.

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