Wednesday, 29 February 2012


80 % of adults possess some sort of gum disease.
Gum disease may range from mild, simple gum inflammation to some more serious form where tissue is damaged and teeth are lost.Brushing twice daily, flossing daily, eating a well-balanced diet, and visiting your dentist regularly can all help prevent gum disease.
Gingivitis starts with the bacteria within the mouth.The condition usually develops due to "an increase in bacteria quantity and a change in balance of bacterial types from harmless to disease-causing bacteria." It is when the harmful bacteria are allowed to build up on teeth, forming plaque, that gingivitis can set in. If the plaque is not removed, it forms a hard layer on the tooth called tartar. The gums may become tender, red, swollen and bleed easily.

Periodontitis can happen when gingivitis isn't treated. With time, gums pull away from the teeth and plaque can grow below the gum line. This can destroy the tissues and bone that support the teeth. Periodontitis has four common types. Aggressive periodontitis is a severe inflammation with rapid bone and tissue loss. Eventually tooth loss occurs, typically within a year's time. Chronic periodontitis also shows in inflammation with tissue and bone loss. The loss usually occurs slowly and is characterized by receding gums. Disease-related periodontitis occurs with systemic diseases such as diabetes, AIDS and heart disease. Necrotizing periodontitis is an acute infection of the gums and its symptoms include spontaneous bleeding, rapid onset of pain and a bad odor.

Toothpastes are advertised as anti-microbial, tartar control, tooth whitening, sensitive, baking soda, abrasive, gels, fluoride or gum care.The common toothpaste is approximately 75 % humectants and water, 20 % abrasive (silica or powdered calcium), and 1-2 % foaming and flavoring agents, buffers, coloring agents, opacifiers and fluoride.Toothpaste should protect from cavities, softened enamel and plaque.Dentists are skeptical regarding tartar control and whitening toothpastes. Tartar only accumulates when a buildup of plaque has been left on the teeth for over 24 hours and whitening toothpastes do not do anything for oral health.

The key to any gum disease is prevention. Brushing, flossing and mouth washing, and visiting your dentist will help to avoid gum disease. Most experts agree that toothpaste with fluoride is effective when used often and correctly."Fluoride treatment in children has helped to account for the decline in periodontal disease in adults." Fluoride helps to strengthen tooth enamel and fight tooth decay, making them less vulnerable to bacteria.

Gum disease is treated by surgery, bone and tissue grafts, prescription-grade mouthwash, scaling and root planning, or antibiotics. Once the mouth has succumbed to gum disease, toothpaste alone does not treat the problem. Treatment is aimed at stopping and controlling the progression of the disease, and restoring any damage if possible. Home maintenance is important to the success of treatment.


  1. In your comments on prevention you mention fluoride. Certainly fluoride helps prevent decay. Decay and restorations encourage gum disease, but fluoride only prevents gums disease in an indirect way. Shouldn't the role of diet and smoking be mentioned?
    Michael Green. Dentist at

  2. Thanks for great information you write it very clean. I am very lucky to get this tips from you

    Prosthodontist Fairfield CT


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